Q.No 15 ) What is the difference between Israa and Mi'raj? Did these events happen in a physical state or in a spiritual state?
Answer ) The Israʾ and Miʿraj are the two parts of a Night Journey that took place during a single night around the year AD 621.The majority of scholars agree that the journey was physical.Molana Ashraf Ali Thanvi RA writes in “Nashar al Tayyib” that Jumhoor Ahlussunah wa al-Jamma’ah believe that it took place in a physical and waking state.He also hold that there is consensus of scholars of Islam on it.Mufti Muhammad Shafi RA also hold the same view.He says that the word ‘abd indicates that the journey was physical one because ‘abad is compound of both Jasad and Ruh(Spirit and body) and Allah says in Al Quran“Who took His ‘Abd (Muhammad SAW) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem)”.According to Allaman Suhali RA some of the savants of Islam hold that M’iraj took place twice in the life of Muhammad SA,one in a spirtual State and another in a physical state.Suhailis view also defend the stand of Jumhoor Ahlus Sunnah WA Al Jamaa’ah.A brief mention of Isra is found in the 17th surah (chapter) of the Quran, called al-Isra', while as the details of the m’iraj are found in the different Hadith collections.In
Q.No 14 ) What is Taqriri Sunnah ?
Answer ) The Tacit approvals of the Messenger of Allah SWT are refered to as Taqriri Sunnah.
Q.No 13 ) What is Fi‘li Sunnah?
Answer ) Any deed of the Prophet Muhammad SAW is refered to as fi‘li Sunnah.
Q.No 12 ) What is Qauli Sunnah ?
Answer ) The Saying of the Messenger of Allah SW is refered to as Qauli Sunnah.
Q.No 11 ) How many types of Sunnah are there?
Answer ) There are three types of Sunnah.They are: • Sunnah Qauli (Sayings of Prophet Muhammad SAW) • Sunnah F‘ili (Action of Prophet Muhammad SAW) • Snnah Taqriri (silence of Prophet Muhammad SAW)
Q.No 10 ) What is the second source of Shari’ah ?
Answer ) The second source of Shari’ah is Al sunnah .
Q.No 9 ) How many verses are there from which ahkaam are deducted?
Answer ) There are about five hundred verses in Al Quran from which Ahkam are derived .Besides these verses rest of the Quran shed light on the torment and extermination of the disbelievers and the rewards of the believers etc.
Q.No 8 ) Is there any example from al Quran through which we can understand the term Iqtiza-‘an-Nass?
Answer ) Iqtiza an Nas (Presumed meaning)can be understood from this verse of Al Quran which says “ Establish Salah” . It is clear in its meaning. But in Shari‘ah Salah cannot be performed without Taharah (ritual purity or cleanliness) so to attain ritual purity before performing salah is understood through iqtiza an Nas .It means Salah itself demands us to perform wazu or Ghusul (in certain conditions) before one intends to perform it. It can be simplified by this example also “a man tells his servant to water him, The demand for water is known as ‘ibarat an Nass and the things which are required for to water him( i.e )glass etc. are understood through ‘iqtiza-‘an-Nas.
Q.No 7 ) What is the meaning of Dalalah al Nas?
Answer ) In order to understand Dalalah An Nass the verse “Say not to them(so much as), “uff,”and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word”. So for as this verse is concerned the textual meaning says that To Say uff and repelling them” are both haram but at the same time it is maintains, to hurt them in any way is also haram as “uff” and “repelling” both are pointing out the same meaning. This is daleel behind this hokum is called Dalalah-an-Nass.
Q.No 6 ) Can Ibarat un Nass and Isharat-un-Nas be exemplified?
Answer ) Yes, If Someone intends to see a thing he focuses his eyes upon that thing , aside that thing he sees another thing which he was not intended to see. The thing he sees intentionally can be understood as Ibarat un Nass and the thing he visualize un intentionally can be taken as Ishar at un Nass.
Q.No 5 ) What is the meaning of ‘Ibarat al Nas?
Answer ) The indication made by words presenting principle or subsidiary theme of the text is termed as Ibarat un Nas.
Q.No 4 ) What is the meaning of Nas in Arabic?
Answer ) The lexical meaning of Nas is to exert for apprehending so that the real and underlying meaning is determined. In the science of the principles it is used to mean text of the law that explicitly tells the do’s and do nots.So the verse of the Quran which is clear and definite in ites meaning or which states clearly what is right and what is wrong is called Nas.
Q.No 3 ) What are these?
Answer ) These are as under: 1) Ibarat un Nas(Explicit textual ruling) 2) Isharat un Nas( Alluded meaning -meaning that is inferred from a certain Quranic text, but not explicitly stated) 3) Dalat un Nas (Inferred meaning –whatever is understood from the Text of Al-Quraan ) 4) Iqtiza un Nas (Presumed meaning-a meaning that has to be presumed for a correct understanding of a Quranic Text )
Q.No 2 ) How many ways are there to understand the meaning of the Quranic Text?
Answer ) There are four ways to understand the Quranic Text.
Q.No 1 ) What are the sources (foundations) of Shariah?
Answer ) There are four sources (foundations) of Shariah and they are as under: • Al Qur’an, • Sunnah • Ijm‘a(Consensus), • Qiyaas(Analogical Deduction)